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Overview

GTCH is first government Unani College of India established in 1926, affiliated to the Aryabhatta Knowledge University (AKU); presently offer two courses namely Pre-Tib & BUMS. Process of starting MD/PG course in five departments, to raise the UG intake up to 100, diploma & certificate courses in various disciplines of Unani Medicine is in progress. Ten outpatients departments are running voluminously (more than 400 patients per day) with gradual surge; having online registration system “Sanjeevni”. College is offering in-patient facilities in 8 departments in well equipped wards. GTCH offers maximum number of classical and patent drugs in IPD & OPDs. Various regimens, pathological tests including drugs and in-patients facilities are offered free of cost. College possesses well decorated and maintained two herbal gardens one in college premises and other in IGIMS Campus. GTCH campus is well equipped having smart classes and remain 24 hrs under CCTV surveillance. Visionary head of the institute aims “to provide quality teaching & training in Unani System of Medicine (USM) and developing the college as center of excellence”.

History
The first blue print of Tibbi School came in existence on 28th march 1915 in a conference of All India Ayurvedic & Unani Tibbi Conference held at Patna. The conference witness the presence of great visionaries of that time like Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (Editor of Al Helal-Kolkata; the weekly paper & first Education minister of Independent India) , Masihul Mulk Hakeem Ajmal Khan, Maulana Mubarak Karim MLA (Ex President; Islamic Studies Bihar & Orissa), Sir Ali Imam (CIE Member Executive Council Viceroys of India), Barrister Sir Mazharul Haque, Rai Bahadur Babu Kishan Sahai & Khan Bahadur Nawab Sarfaraz Hussain (President, reception committee) under president ship of Maharaja Bahadur Sir Rameshwar sing (Maharaja Darbhanga). In this conference many resolution passed and many committees have been made to interact with government and bring the Ides in existence. (Report; Anjuman Atibba, Suba Bihar, Patna by Hkm Abdul Ahad, General Secretary; 1950). This conference paves the way for establishment of Tibbi School along with Ayurvedic and Modern Medical School. Few more such type of conferences has been organized back to back to pressurize the government so as target may be achieved soon. These initiatives became movement soon and fondness for Tibb-e-Unani attracted many of its practitioners, well-wishers and general mass in Bihar towards its revival and development. In this context a decisive general meeting under the president ship of Hakim Ajmal khan was held at Patna in which a resolution was unanimously adopted to found a Tibbi school in Patna. To achieve this purpose a governing body was formed; the first formal meeting was convened in the official chamber of the then commissioner of Patna division; Mr. W.B. Heycock, Mr S H Hoda (I.C.S.). Hkm Md Idris, Khan Bhadur Syed Md Ismael, Hkm Syed Mozahir Ahmed and Hkm Abdul Karim were its founder members while Mr. S.M. Sharif (Bar-at-law) was its member secretary.

Those who worked whole heartedly for the establishment of the school and contributed in their own ways were prominent personalities of the time like Hkm. Rashiddun Nabi, Hkm Qutubuddin, Hkm. M Idris, Hkm. Syed Mazahir Ahmed, Hakim Md Saleh, Sir Fakhruddin; Education Minister of Bihar, sir Ganesh Dutt; Minister of local self Govt. of Bihar, Hakim Adbul Qaiyyum and Hkm. Md. Ajmal Khan, all of them left an indelible imprint on the history of revival and development of Tibb in the state during the last century.

In the first meeting it was proposed that the Govt. should establish a Tibbi school in Patna besides it was decided that the students from oriental streams (Islamic Madarsa) seeking admission in the school would be exempted from admission and monthly tuition fees. Students however were to be charged admissible fees, in view of humble start of the school it was also decided to use wooden cots (chowki) in place of chair table and desk. In this way the school came into existence on 29th of July 1926. In the first Budget (1927-28) after inception of the school, Govt. earmarked an amount of rupees 15,164 for its expenses.

After Granted recognition from the Govt., Tibbi school formally came in existence on 29th July 1926 (correction made; source: Bihar State Archives, Letter No.6639-L.S.G., dated 9th September 1926.). Hkm Md Idris was appointed its first principal. The school had no building of its own and so, at first ,the house of one Mrs. Mariam w/o (Late) Shah Hamiduddin, holding no.40,at Bhikhna Pahari was procured on a monthly rent of Rs.65 to run the school.
In July 1926, the Govt. of Bihar & Orissa formed a three member committee comprising Hkm Maulvi Md Kabiruddin (Delhi), Hkm Hafiz Abdul Majeed (Lucknow) and Hkm Abdul Halim (Lucknow) was empowered to select the principal and teachers for appointment in the school. After three to four days' marathon deliberations and close scrutiny of all the applications the committee decided to give a chance to all the eligible applicants to satisfy the members of the committee for recommendation by demonstrating their teaching ability through practical classes. After the completion of the process the govt. appointed some of the eminent hakims of the time on the recommendation of the committee. They were Hakim Md. Idris (Principal), Hkm Maulvi Mozahir Ahmad (Professor), Hkm Maulvi Khwaja Rizwan Ahmed (Professor) (sanction letter No. 6013 L.S.G., Dt.2 9-7-1926). After two and half years the Govt. sanctioned another three posts of professors (vide sanctioned letter No.4000 L.S.G., dt.20-3-1929).

Even after seventy five years since its inception there are only six sanctioned posts of professors till date. (In 2011, 8 more post of professors has been sanctioned)
For a long time the school continued to run in the Bhikhna pahari building; later it was shifted to Ramna road for some reasons. From there it was again shifted to Antaghat (presently regional office; state bank of India is over there). After the devastating earthquake of January 1934 it was finally shifted to Kadam kuan where the govt. allotted a piece of land for the school and built a building on it with thatched roof. After many ups and downs, it has been upgraded form ''Tibbi School’’ to ‘‘Govt. Tibbi College’’. The institution today exists in the same building.

In its early stage the local self govt. also constituted a staff council for academic work of the college. From 1934 to 1952 the degree of G.U.M.S used to be awarded by college itself. In 1953 the state faculty of Ayurvedic & Unani medicine, Bihar, Patna started conducting the examination for the said Degree course. In 1973, on the demand of students the college was affiliated to Bihar University, Muzaffarpur for conducting the examination of four-year G.U.M.S. Course, it continued till 1980, in 1976 the central council of India medicine (C.C.I.M) introduced the course of five years B.U.M.S. with 6 months internship. The first batch of B.U.M.S. passed out of the university in1984. In 1997 the course was replaced with the new course prescribed by the C.C.I.M. It is a 4 year course with one year internship.

In 1976 the state govt. sanctioned some new posts for teaching in Pre-Tibb professional course. These included four 4 readers, 10 lecturers and eleven 11 demonstrators, besides six post of professors that were already sanctioned earlier, the state Govt. also sanctioned 24-bed indoor hospital in 1978. Mr. Shamail-e-Nabi (Ex member, Advisory Committee, GTCH & Ex state health minister) was the force behind sanctioning the 26 bed IPD to the Hospital of Govt. Tibbi College. Similarly Prof. Jabir Hussain ( Ex Health Minister & Speaker, Bihar Assembly) play vital role in equalizing the status & scale of ISM doctors.

Over the years, Tibbi School grew into an institution of national level for teaching of Unani medicine. Its Alumni are spread all over the India and abroad as well. The alumni who served at different places on different posts are many, among them Prof. (Hkm) Md Qamruzzaman Quamar'' as Director, Dept. of Health (ISM), Govt. of Bihar, Prof. Naeem Ahmad Khan, 4 times Dean, faculty of Unani medicine, A.M.U.(Aligarh), Late Prof. Hakim Ahraf Karim, Prof. Hakim Syed Alimuddin Balkhi, Prof Hakim Shamim Ahmad, Ex-Principal; Govt. Tibbi College, Patna, Late Hakim Abdul Khalique, Principal Sulfia Unai Medical College; Darbhanga, Hakim Syed Akbar Hussain, Founder Principal; Z. H. Unani Medical College, Siwan are well known for their dedication towards their institutions and Unani system of medicine.

Hkm. S. M. Ayub Usmani, Ex-Regional Dy. Director (RRIUM, Patna) and Hkm. S. Manzar Ahsan, Ex-Regional Dy. Director (RRIUM, Patna), Hakim Md Ishtiaque Alam, Research officer Incharge (RRIUM, Patna), Dr. Md Khalil Ansari, Dy. Director (U) Dept. of Health (ISM), Govt. Of Bihar, Hakim Salim Added, President, A.I.U.T conference-west Bengal branch, Hakim Jamal Aulia Nadvi, working president, A.I.U.T conference-Bihar state Branch, Dr Md Shahabuddin, principal, Govt. Tibbi college, Patna, Hakim Moaz sulfi, Principal N. U. Medical college, Gaya, Hakim Prof. Irshad, Ex Principal, Ibne Sina Tibbia college, Azamgarh (U.P), Hkm. S. Akbar Hussain, Principal lslamia Unani medical college, Siwan, are some of the eminent names; whereas Prof.(Hkm) Md Zeyauddin, Principal, Govt. Tibbi college, Patna, Dr. Khalid Ahsan Khan, Ibn Sina Tibbia Collegem Azamgarh(U.P.), Dr Mansoor Ahmad, HoD, PSM, N.U.M college, Gaya, Prof. T Najmul Hasan, Prof. Safir Ahmad, Prof. Shafique Azam, Prof. Afzal Karim, Prof. Tawheed Kibria, Prof. Tabrez Akhtar Lari & Prof. Ghiasuddin are serving as head of the departments in their respective colleges all over the India and contributing to the Unani system of medicine. A senior old boy of the college Dr. Syed Mohiuddin was also a leading Unani practitioner in Ranchi.

Last but not the least, Dr. Kewal Dheer (Punjab) author of almost sixty books on medicine, literature and family planning has been a shining star of the college.
The proverb Chirag Se Chirag Jalte Hain has been made reality by the alumni of this college by spreading the knowledge of Unani system of medicine and establishing colleges at Gaya, Azamgarh, Darbhanga and Siwan.

Moreover I look forward to the next generation with great optimism; our successors will spread the Unani system of medicine in the world and will make the system flourish for the betterment of rural and down trodden people.